Subhas Chandra Bose, commonly known as Netaji, emerged as a prominent leader in India’s quest for independence. His unwavering determination and commitment to the cause positioned him as a flagbearer of the Azad Hind Fauj, also recognized as the Indian National Army (INA). On Parakram Diwas, marking his 127th birth anniversary, it is imperative to delve into his early life, his pivotal role in the national struggle, the enigma surrounding his death, and the significance of the 2024 Parakram Diwas celebrations.
1. Early Life and Education:
Subhas Chandra Bose, born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Odisha, to Jankinath and Prabhavati, underwent education at Presidency College, Calcutta. Later, he graduated from Scottish Churches College and pursued further studies at the University of Cambridge in England to prepare for the Indian civil service examination.
2. His Role in the National Struggle:
Inspired by India’s freedom movement, Bose resigned from his post in England and returned to play a pivotal role in the Indian National Congress. Serving as its president in 1938, he diverged from Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violent approach, advocating for forceful means to attain freedom. In 1943, Bose established the Azad Hind Fauj (INA), actively engaging in combat against the British forces.
3. Mystery Around His Death:
On August 18, 1945, Bose went missing following a plane crash in Taiwan. While two inquiry commissions concluded his demise in the crash, another claimed he survived. The unresolved mystery continues to captivate and fuel speculation.
4. Parakram Diwas 2024 Celebrations:
In homage to Subhas Chandra Bose’s indomitable spirit, India observes Parakram Diwas on January 23 annually. In 2024, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will partake in celebrations at Red Fort, launching Bharat Parv. This nine-day event aims to showcase India’s diversity, featuring Republic Day tableaux and local tourist attractions.
Q1: What was Subhas Chandra Bose’s contribution to the independence struggle?
- A1: Bose played a crucial role in advocating complete independence for India and established the Azad Hind Fauj (INA) to actively fight against the British forces.
Q2: Why is Parakram Diwas celebrated on January 23?
- A2: Parakram Diwas honors the birth anniversary of Subhas Chandra Bose, commemorating his fearless spirit in the struggle for freedom.
Q3: What is the significance of Bharat Parv?
- A3: Bharat Parv is a nine-day event showcasing India’s diversity, including Republic Day tableaux and local tourist attractions. It aims to celebrate the country’s culture, heritage, and achievements.
Q4: What is the mystery surrounding Subhas Chandra Bose’s death?
- A4: Bose went missing after a plane crash in Taiwan in 1945, and different inquiry commissions have provided conflicting conclusions, leading to ongoing speculation and mystery.
Q5: Why did Subhas Chandra Bose establish the Azad Hind Fauj?
- A5: Bose believed that freedom could not be granted but had to be taken by force. He established the Azad Hind Fauj to actively fight against the British forces and contribute to India’s independence struggle.
Subhas Chandra Bose’s unwavering determination and leadership in India’s struggle for independence make him an iconic figure. As India celebrates Parakram Diwas and reflects on his contributions, it is crucial to remember and honor the sacrifices made by Bose and the Azad Hind Fauj in their fight against British rule.