In a groundbreaking revelation, Professor Thomas Gernon and his team at the University of Southampton have uncovered a mesmerizing connection between major geological events and the eruption of ‘fountains of diamonds’ from deep within the Earth’s core. This discovery not only enhances our understanding of diamond formation but also holds the potential to revolutionize the exploration of untapped diamond deposits. Let’s embark on a journey to unravel the details of these explosive events and their far-reaching implications.
Diamonds Soar as Supercontinents Dissolve
- Diamonds’ Origin: Formed approximately 150 kilometers beneath the Earth’s surface.
- Explosive Propulsion: Kimberlite eruptions, reaching speeds of up to 133 kilometers per hour, forcefully propel diamonds towards the surface.
- Temporal Connection: Professor Gernon’s research reveals that these eruptions occur approximately 22 to 30 million years after the commencement of supercontinent breakup.
Mechanics Behind the Dazzling Display
- Tectonic Plate Dynamics: As tectonic plates diverge, the mingling of upper mantle and lower crust rocks creates instability.
- Catalysts of Eruption: The presence of water, carbon dioxide, and minerals, including diamonds, amid this instability triggers explosive eruptions.
- Forceful Ascent: The sudden surge propels diamonds with tremendous force towards the Earth’s surface.
Transformative Implications for Diamond Exploration
- Invaluable Insights: Professor Gernon’s research provides crucial insights into the geological conditions necessary for diamond eruptions.
- Precision in Identification: Understanding the specific timeline and processes involved could lead to more accurate identification of unexplored diamond deposits.
- Revolutionizing Mining: This knowledge has the potential to revolutionize the diamond mining industry, fostering sustainable resource extraction.
How deep are diamonds formed?
- Diamonds are formed approximately 150 kilometers below the Earth’s surface.
What triggers the eruption of diamonds?
- The pulling apart of tectonic plates causes rock mixing, instability, and the combination of water, carbon dioxide, and minerals like diamonds, ultimately leading to explosive eruptions.
How fast can kimberlite eruptions travel?
- Kimberlite eruptions can travel at speeds of up to 133 kilometers per hour.
How long after supercontinent breakup do diamond eruptions occur?
- Diamond eruptions typically occur around 22 to 30 million years after the initiation of supercontinent breakup.
How could this research benefit the search for diamond deposits?
- The research provides valuable insights into the geological conditions required for diamond eruptions, aiding in the identification of untapped diamond deposits.